Climate Change is a potent national security threat for Pakistan. Its damaging impacts are not limited to just the economic, agricultural, or food sector. Climate change is also likely to have a spillover effect on the military sector and water resources of the country. Stemming from that is the security nexus between these sectors. Climate change in the environmental sector can impact military security which in turn can damage national security. Similarly, Pakistan being an agricultural country, needs a sustainable irrigation system and water management mechanism which is indispensable for the agriculture sector as it is the backbone of the economy.

In order to explore the linkages between military security and water security with the emerging threats of climate change, the Faculty of Aerospace and Strategic Studies (FASS) at Air University organized a roundtable discussion to hear the perspectives of the researchers at FASS, Air University.

The Faculty of Aerospace and Strategic Studies held its inaugural workshop from 22nd-24th February, 2022, on contemporary security issues and how perception and narratives related to those issues have an impact factor. It was attended by young scholars and researchers as well as officers from Pakistan Air force. The workshop had decorated speakers such as retired and serving diplomats, leading academic, as well as policy practitioners.

A Roundtable discussion was organized on February 8, 2022, by the Faculty of Aerospace and Strategic Studies where the pertinent matter of the Russia-Ukraine crisis and its evolving situation were elaborated and discussed. The faculty member at FASS Dr Mansur Umar Khan presented a historical perspective and Dr. Saira Nawaz Abbasi from Bahria University shared her views on the evolving conflict followed by a rigorous discussion session.

FASS organized a roundtable discussion on 'Politics, Power and Law in Outer Space' that was attended by students, faculty members, and researchers. The speaker Dr. Shakeel Ahmed spoke on the Artemis Accords, an initiative by NASA, and its different political and technical counters.

'Impact of Emerging Technologies on Strategic Stability'

Emerging technologies continue to change the security calculus of states. Their development and use has ramifications for the conduct of warfare and defense, and requires an understanding of approaches to the same. In the current global landscape, the major powers are among the leading states that are investing in the development and deployment of these technologies. It is critical to understand their impact on strategic stability, as well as to determine their ramifications for the future of regional and global security. The Strategic Studies department at Air University is convening a panel to (i) explore the current landscape of emerging technologies and their impact on strategic stability, (ii) examine the role of Artificial Intelligence as a force multiplier, and (iii) review the debate on use of hypersonic weapons.

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Economy of Integration for South Asia: A way forward?'

South Asian regional economy could not develop itself as per global patterns of organizations, processes and regimes. This lack of regional economic governance exposes vulnerabilities but also creates opportunities. In this regard the analysis for 'Economy of Integration as A way forward' can be developed and worked upon.

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---> 'Can SCO Help Bring Peace in Afghanistan?'

After the US withdrawal, Afghanistan is at significant risk for an exacerbated humanitarian crisis and economic collapse. A regional approach is required to address these and related issues, particularly in view of the interconnected security concerns of regional players. To develop such a consensus and implement a framework of cooperation, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) constitutes a potential platform.

In order to explore what role the SCO can play in bringing stability to Afghanistan, the Department of Aerospace Sciences and Strategic Studies at Air University has organized an international webinar to hear perspectives of young scholars from Pakistan and Australia.

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'Afghanistan: Untying the Knot'

Afghanistan continues to remain in a state of fragility and uncertainty as the new regime in Kabul faces governance challenges in the wake of the U.S. withdrawal. Pakistan, being the immediate neighbor and most affected by the ongoing turmoil, must examine the role it can play in cooperation with key stakeholders to help bring stability to the country and the region. DASSS has organized a webinar with a panel of experts, to (i) provide a historical context of the conflict to discern future trajectories, (ii) examine the past/current roles of regional and extra-regional actors, and how they can work towards creating stability, (iii) consider opportunities for economic integration and potential for regional stabilization, and (iv) review implications for Pakistan in the event of continued instability within Afghanistan

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