Research Groups at the Department of Avionics Engineering

Photonics & Communication Systems Group

Introduction:

The Photonics & Communication Systems Group primarily conducts research on modeling, design,and implementation of communication systems. Additionally, research is also focused on modeling and design of Photonic Integrated Circuits (PICs) to achieve functionalities which are beyond electronic integrated circuits by manipulating signals in optical domain; typically in the visible to near infrared region of the electromagnetic spectrum.

The major research areas are:

  • Wireless mobile networks and social networks
  • Wireless Ad Hoc Networks and Machine-to-Machine Communication
  • Optical Communication
  • Photonic Integrated Circuits (PICs)
  • Photonic Systems for Communications
  • Internet of Things - Wireless Sensor Networks and Security
  • Future Internet architecture and protocols
  • Avionics Systems’ Integration
  • Avionics Busses
Research Topics:
  • Ad Hoc Networks
  • Channel Access Schemes
  • Interference Suppression Techniques for Wireless Networks
  • Sensor Fusion
  • Internet of things
  • Hybrid communication network architectures
  • Communication and networking protocol analysis
  • Mobile-oriented energy-aware handover
  • Network-level power conservation in cellular systems
  • Energy-conservation of mobile stations’ battery
  • Optimization algorithms for signal processing in communication
  • Si photonics
  • Biophotonics
  • Nanophotonics
  • Design & characterization of Active & passive circuit elements for PICs
    • Optical Cavities
    • Optical waveguides
    • Couplers / Splitters
    • Gratings
  • Photovoltaics
  • RF Photonics
  • Photonic sensors
  • Micro Opto Electro Mechanical Systems (MOEMS)
  • Avionics Full Duplex Switched Ethernet (AFDX)
  • Integrated modular avionics (IMA)
Members:
  • Dr. Ammar Masood
  • Dr. Muhammad Zakwan
  • Dr. Adnan Fazil
  • Dr. Ali Javed Hashmi
  • Dr. Muhammad Adnan
Publications

M. H. Humayun, S. Sultan Shah Bukharı, M. Zakwan, M. M. Bayer, U. S. Gökay, A. Serpengüzel, K. Taıra, E. Omura, and J. Nakata, “Spatial intensity profiling of elastic and inelastic scattering in isotropic and anisotropic liquids by immersion of a spherical silicon photocell,” Applied Optics, vol. 56, no. 34,pp. 9384-9389, 2017/12/01, 2017.

U. Sabahattin Gökay, M. Zakwan, A. Demir, and A. Serpengüzel, “Optical Fiber Excitation of Fano Resonances in a Silicon Microsphere,” Fiber and Integrated Optics, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 38-46, 2016/01/02, 2016.

Chaudhry M.R, Zakwan M, Serpengüzel A, Elastic Light Scattering From A Ruby Microsphere In A Nematic Liquid Crystal. International Workshop on Flexible Bio- and Organic Printed Electronics; Konya, TURKEY, 2014 May 1-3

Adnan Fazil, Aamir Hasan, Ijaz Mansoor Qureshi, Qaisar Shafi. Proactive channel access scheme for wireless ad hoc networks. IET Communications, 13 (13): 1893-1901, 2019. ISSN 1751-8628. doi: 10.1049/iet-com.2018.6191.

Adnan Fazil, Aamir Hasan, Ijaz Mansoor Qureshi, Muhammad Atiq-Ur-Rehman. An adaptive scheduling scheme for inhomogeneously distributed wireless ad hoc networks. Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering & Computer Sciences, 27 (4): 2496-2510, 2019. doi: 10.3906/elk-1811-26.

Hashmi, A. A. Eftekhar, A. Adibi, and F. Amoozegar, “Analysis of telescope array receivers for deepspace inter-planetary optical communication link between Earth and Mars,” Optics Communications, vol. 283, no. 10, May, pp. 2032-2042, 2010.

Hashmi, A. A. Eftekhar, A. Adibi, and F. Amoozegar, “A Kalman filter-based synchronization scheme for telescope array receivers in deep-space optical communication links,” Optics Communications, vol. 285, no. 10, Nov, pp. 5037-5043, 2012.

Hashmi, A. A. Eftekhar, A. Adibi, and F. Amoozegar, “Analysis of adaptive optics based telescope array receivers for compensation of atmospheric turbulence effects in a deep-space inter-planetary optical communications between Earth and Mars,” Optics Communication, 2014.

Eftekhar, A. Hashmi, A. Adibi, and F. Amoozegar, “The effect of synchronization errors on the performance of telescope arrays for optical deep space communication,” in Proc. IEEE Aerospace Conference, 2006, pp. 1-7.

Hashmi, A. A. Eftekhar, A. Adibi, and F. Amoozegar, “Statistical evaluation of an optical array receiver for deep-space laser communications under random pointing and tracking errors,” presented at Optics in the Southeast Conf. Charlotte, NC, 2006.

Hashmi, A. A. Eftekhar, A. Adibi, and F. Amoozegar, “Effect of tracking errors on performance of telescope array receiver for deep-space optical communication,” in Proc. IEEE Aerospace Conference, 2007, pp. 1362-1369

Hashmi, A. A. Eftekhar, S. Yegnanarayanan, and A. Adibi, “Analysis of optimal adaptive optics systems for hybrid RF-wireless optical communication for maximum efficiency and reliability,” in Proc. IEEE ICET’08, 2008, pp. 62-67.

Hashmi, A. A. Eftekhar, A. Adibi, and F. Amoozegar, “A novel 2-D adaptive Wiener-filter-based algorithm for mitigation of atmospheric turbulence effects in deep-space optical communications,” in Proc. of SPIE, vol. 7442, 2009, pp. 1-10.

Hashmi, A. A. Eftekhar, A. Adibi, and F. Amoozegar, “Deep-space optical communication with Mars: achievable data rates,” presented at IEEE Southeast Conf. Atlanta, GA, 2009.

Hashmi, A. A. Eftekhar, A. Adibi, and F. Amoozegar, “Optimization of focal plane detectors for mitigation of atmospheric turbulence effects in deep space optical communication,” in Proc. Conf. on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), 2009.

Hashmi, A. A. Eftekhar, A. Adibi, and F. Amoozegar, “Adaptive optics based telescope arrays receiver for compensation of optical turbulence effects in a deep-space optical communication link with Mars,” in Proc. IEEE Globecom, 2009, pp. 1-8.

Hashmi, A. A. Eftekhar, A. Adibi, and F. Amoozegar, “Optimization of an optical array receiver for deep-space optical communication during earth-mars conjunction phase” in Proc IEEE Photonics Global Conference, 2012, Singapore. "

Adnan Fazil, Aamir Hasan. Spatial packing of nodes in a wireless ad-hoc network with long and short hops. Proceedings of 11th International Bhurban Conference on Applied Sciences & Technology (IBCAST), Islamabad, Pakistan, 2014, pp. 407-413. doi: 10.1109/IBCAST.2014.6778178.

Munawar, A. Masood and F. Bangash, "Open sensor platform: Integration of sensors and mobile phones", 9th International Bhurban Conference on Applied Sciences and Technology (IBCAST), 2012, Pages 445 - 452, 9-12 Jan. 2012

N. Akhtar, I. Laone, A. Masood, and A. Hasan, “A Model for Standardization of MANET Simulation Scenarios: The Four Quadrants”. 2011 International Conference on Computer Engineering and Applications (ICCEA 2011), Pages 271 -276, 2011.

G. Khanna, A. Masood and C. Nita-Rotaru, “Synchronization Attacks Against 802.11”, In Wireless and Mobile Security Workshop, NDSS'05, Feb. 2005.

Adnan, M., Scharbarg, J.-L., Ermont, J., Fraboul, C.; Model for worst case delay analysis of an AFDX network using timed automata. In Proceedings of the ETFA, Bilbao, Spain: IEEE, September 2010.

Adnan, M., Scharbarg, J.-L., Ermont, J., Fraboul, C.; Worst Case End-to-End Delay Analysis of Switched Ethernet using Timed Automata. In Proceedings of the JrWRTC, part of RTNS 2010, Toulouse, France: November 2010.

Adnan, M., Scharbarg, J.-L., Fraboul, C.; Minimizing the search space for computing exact worst-case delays of AFDX periodic flows. In Proceedings of SIES 2011 conference, Vasteras, Sweeden, June 2011.

Adnan, M., Scharbarg, J.-L., Ermont, J., Fraboul, C.; An improved timed automata model for computing exact worst-case delays of AFDX periodic flows. In Proceedings of ETFA 2011 conference, Toulouse, France, September 2011.

Adnan, M., Scharbarg, J.-L., Ermont, J., Fraboul, C.; An improved timed automata approach for computing exact worst-case delays of AFDX sporadic flows. In Proceedings of ETFA 2012 conference, Krakow, Poland, September 2012.

Adnan, M., Scharbarg, J.-L., Ermont, J., Fraboul, C.; An improved timed automata approach for computing exact worst-case delays of AFDX sporadic flows. In Proceedings of ETFA 2012 conference, Krakow, Poland, September 2012.

Control Systems Group

Introduction:

Control systems’ research studies that how to manipulate the parameters affecting the behavior of a system to produce a desired or optimal outcome. The tools that form the body of knowledge known as control theory are applicable to a wide variety of systems including electrical, mechanical, chemical, biological, economic, and social systems

Research Topics:

Following are the research topics:

  • Flight Dynamics and Controls
  • Optimization and Control
  • Linear Quadratic Regulator (LQR)
  • Control of Micro-Electro-Mechanical-Systems (MEMS)
  • Robust Control System Design for Multivariable Systems
  • Robust modeling and identification
  • Nonlinear and hybrid systems
  • Robot locomotion and manipulation
  • Numerical algorithms
  • Cooperative control of autonomous agents
  • Networked control systems
  • Advanced sensing and actuation
  • Magnetic bearing systems
  • Adaptive Control
Members:
  • Dr. Bilal Malik
Publications

Malik B, Akhtar S, Masud J. “Dynamic analysis and nonlinear simulation of aircraft flat spin”. Journal of Chinese Institute of Engineers”. 2017 Jul 22:1-1.

Malik B, Akhtar S, Masud J. “Aircraft spin characteristics with high-alpha yawing moment asymmetry”. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part G: Journal of Aerospace Engineering. 2017 Jul 12:0954410017718215.

Malik B, Akhtar S, Masud J. “Influence of flight control law on spin dynamics of aerodynamically asymmetric aircraft”. Journal of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics. July 15 2017; 55(3): 963-975.

Malik B, Akhtar S, Masood J. Analysis of Spin Characteristics of a High Performance Aircraft with High Alpha Yawing Moment Asymmetry. Presented at the AIAA Atmospheric Flight Mechanics Conference, California USA, 4-8 January 2016.

Malik B, Akhtar S, Masood J. Control Law Effect on Spin Characteristics of Aerodynamically Asymmetric Aircraft. Presented at the AIAA Atmospheric Flight Mechanics Conference, Texas USA, 9-13 January 2017.

Signal and Image Processing Group

Introduction:

Members of the Signal and Image Processing group work on different applications of Digital Signal Processing, both for civil and military applications. Biomedical imaging and image processing techniques have been a key area of research for the group. Moreover, the group is integrating the increasingly popular Machine Learning techniques and Artificial Intelligence (AI) for real-world applications of Image Processing.

Research Topics:

Following are the research topics:

  • 3D Audio
  • Array Signal Processing
  • Statistical Signal Processing
  • Signal Detection and Classification
  • Parameter Estimation and Signal Reconstruction
  • Image Processing
  • Video Processing
  • Audio Processing
  • Acoustic Imaging
Members:
  • Dr. Muhammad Zakwan
  • Dr. Khurram Khan
  • Dr. Adnan Fazil
  • Dr. Muhammad Adnan
Publications

U. Sabahattin Gökay, M. Zakwan, and A. Serpengüzel, “Spherical silicon optical resonators: Possible applications to biosensing,” European Physical Journal-Special Topics, vol. 223, no. 10, pp. 2003- 2008, September, 2014.

M. R. Chaudhry, M. Zakwan, M. C. Onbasli and A. Serpengüzel, "Symmetric Meandering Distributed Feedback Structures for Silicon Photonic Circuits," in IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics. doi: 10.1109/JSTQE.2019.2957442.

K. Khan, M. R. Choi, “Automatic license plate detection and recognition framework to enhance security applications,” J. of Electronic Imaging, Vol. 28, No. 1, 2019.

K. Khan, M. R. Choi, “An image enhancement-based License plate detection method for Naturally Degraded Images,” Journal of IKEEE, vol.22, no.4, pp.1188-1194.

A. Hanif, M. H. Yousaf, A. Fazil and S. Akhtar, "Inflight helicopter blade track measurement using computer vision," 2014 IEEE REGION 10 SYMPOSIUM, Kuala Lumpur, 2014, pp. 56-61. doi: 10.1109/TENCONSpring.2014.6862997

RF, Microwave and Radar Group

Introduction:

The research is directed to develop and analyze innovative techniques for future EW systems and radar remote sensing systems and applications. The research areas cover a wide spectrum, including the investigation of new SAR imaging modes based on digital beamforming and multi-aperture signal processing, the analysis of bistatic and multistatic Radars, AESAR etc. Moreover, owing to a strong affiliation with Pakistan Air Force (PAF), the group has an extensive research and development experience in the development of military RADARs, ECM algorithms, ELINT systems etc.

Research Topics:
  • RF Photonics
  • Metamaterials
  • Microwave & Millimeter-wave Circuit Design
  • Wave Propagation in Bi-Isotropic Media
  • Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR)
  • Active electronically Scanned Phased Array Radar (AESAR)
  • Bistatic and Monostatic Radars
  • Pulse Integration Techniques
  • Wave Propagation in Complex Fractal Media
  • Advance Antenna Design
  • Frequency Selective Surfaces
  • Electronic Warfare
Members:
  • Dr. Muhammad Zakwan
  • Dr. Ali Javed Hashmi
Publications

Zakwan M, Bayer M.M, Anwar M.S, Gökay U.S, Serpengüzel A, Mid-infrared elastic scattering from germanium microspheres. 18th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON) IEEE, 2016 10-14 July.

Zakwan M, Anwar MS, Bukhari S.S.S, Gökay U.S, Serpengüzel A, Optoelectronic Applications of Sapphire Microspheres. PIERS Proceedings, Czech Republic, Prague, 2015 July.

Gökay U.S, Zakwan M, Demir A, Serpengüzel A, Fano Resonances of a Silicon Microsphere on a Silica Optical Fiber. PIERS Abstracts, Czech Republic, Prague 2015 July

Gökay U.S, Zakwan M, Serpengüzel A, Microphotonic filter applications of silicon microspheres. Smart Photonic and Optoelectronic Integrated Circuits XVII; San Francisco, California, USA, 2015 February 12.

O. M. Öztürk, M. M. Bayer, M. S. Anwar, M. Zakwan, and A. Serpengüzel, “Spectroscopy of a Nd:YVO4 diode pumped solid state laser,” Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, vol. 59, no. 7, pp. 1636-1639, 2017.

Jahangir Kayani, and A. Hashmi, “"Comparative study of Non-Coherent Pulse Compression and NonCoherent Pulse integration techniques for radars" in Proc IEEE International Radar Symposium, 2013, Dresden Germany.

Ali Hashmi, Shahid Baqar, Hamza Malik, Danish Azad, "Mathematical Modeling and Simulation of Radar Digital Signal Processing (DSP) Algorithms”, in Proc International Conference on Modeling and Simulation, 2013, Islamabad.

Cryptology and Cyber Security Group

Introduction:

The group primarily conducts research on methods and tools for the analysis and construction of safe and secure systems. This includes methods for specifying systems, developing systems in correctness-preserving ways, and verifying or testing existing systems and infrastructures. Major focus is to target cost effectiveness of indigenous solutions for mobile devices and network security. We build on foundations in mathematical logic, discrete mathematics, cryptography, algorithms, complexity theory, and probability theory.

Research Topics:

Following are the research topics:

  • Cryptographic Protocol Analysis
  • Modeling and Analyzing Dynamic Access Control Systems
  • Network Security
  • Data Security
  • Security protocols (models, properties, and verification)
  • OS security
  • Privacy & smartphones
  • Cyber Security and Incident Response
  • Malware Analysis and reverse Engineering
  • Digital Forensics and Cloud Security
  • FSecurity Information and Event Management (SIEM) systems
Members:
  • Dr. Ammar Masood
  • Dr. Qasim Saeed
  • Dr. Mansoor Ahmed Khan
Publications

B. Shafiq, S Ghayyur, A. Masood, Z. Pervaiz, A. Almutairi, F. Khan, and A. Ghafoor, “Composability Verification of Multi-service Workflows in a Policy-Driven Cloud Computing Environment”. IEEE Transactions on Dependable and Secure Computing, Volume 14, Issue 5, Sept - Oct 2017 Pages: 478 – 493.

Masood, A. Ghafoor and A. P. Mathur, “Fault coverage of Constrained Random Test Selection for access control: A formal analysis”. Journal of Systems and Software, Volume 83, Issue 12, Dec 2010 Pages: 2607-2617.

Masood, A. Ghafoor and A. P. Mathur, “Conformance testing of temporal Role based access control systems” IEEE Transactions on Dependable and Secure Computing, Volume 7, Issue 2, Apr -Jun 2010 Pages: 144 – 158

A. Masood, R. Bhatti, A. Ghafoor, A. Mathur, "Scalable and Effective Test Generation for Role-Based Access Control Systems," IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering, Volume 35, Issue 5, Sep - Oct 2009 Pages: 654 – 668.

Mansoor Ahmed Khan, Ferruh Özbudak, “Hybrid Classes of Balanced Boolean Functions with Good Cryptographic Propoerties”, in Information Sciences Journal, Elsevier, 07/2014; 273:319–328. DOI: 10.1016/j.ins.2014.02.157, © Elsevier.

Muhammad Qasim Saeed and Colin D. Walter,"An Attack on Signed NFC Records and Some Necessary Revisions of NFC Specifications", International Journal for Information Security Research (IJISR), 2012.

Pardis Pourghomi, Muhammad Qasim Saeed, and Gheorghita Ghinea, "A Proposed NFC Payment Application", International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications, volume 4. The Science and Information Organization (SAI), 2013.

Zeeshan Bilal, Keith Martin, and Muhammad Qasim Saeed, "Multiple attacks on authentication protocols for low cost RFID tags", The Journal of Applied Mathematics & Information Sciences, May 2015.

Pardis Pourghomi, Muhammad Qasim Saeed, and Gheorghita Ghinea, "The Need for Integration in NFC Mobile Payments", Journal of Information Assurance and Security, 2014.

U. Ahmed, A. Masood and L. Ali Khan, “Quantifying the role of access control in end-to-end network security”. 3rd International Congress on Ultra-Modern Telecommunications and Control Systems and Workshop (ICUMT), Oct 5-7, 2011, Budapest, Hungary

H. Haseeb, A. Masood, M. Ahmed and A. Ghafoor, “Integrating GSTRBAC spatial constraints in XGTRBAC”, ACM International conference on Frontiers of Information Technology, Dec 16 – 18, 2009, Abbotabad, Pakistan

Shafiq, A. Masood, J. Joshi and A. Ghafoor, “A Role-Based Access Control Policy Verification Framework for Real-Time Systems”. In 10th IEEE International Workshop on Object-Oriented RealTime Dependable Systems (WORDS 2005), Pages 13 -20, Feb. 2005.

A. Masood, S. Sedigh-Ali and A. Ghafoor, “Efficiently managing security concerns in Component Based System design”, In 29th IEEE Annual International Computer Software and Applications Conference (COMPSAC 2005), Pages 164 -169, July 2005.

G. Khanna, A. Masood and C. Nita-Rotaru, “Synchronization Attacks against 802.11”, In Wireless and Mobile Security Workshop, NDSS'05, Feb. 2005.

Firdous Kausar, Muhammad Qasim Saeed, Ashraf Masood, "Key Management and Secure Routing in Heterogeneous Sensor Networks", IEEE International Conference on Wireless and Mobile Computing, Networking and Communications, France (SecPri WiMob 2008).

Muhammad Qasim Saeed, Ashraf Masood, and Firdous Kausar, "Securing ePassport system: A Proposed Anti-cloning and Anti-skimming Protocol", 17 International Conference on Software, Telecommunications and Networks Croatia (SoftCOM 2009).

Muhammad Qasim Saeed and Colin D. Walter, "A Record Composition/Decomposition Attack on the NDEF Signature Record Type Definition", 6th International Conference for Internet Technology and Secured Transactions Dubai (ICITST, 11-14 December 2011)

Muhammad Qasim Saeed and Colin D. Walter, "Off-line NFC Tag Authentication", 7th International Conference for Internet Technology and Secured Transactions ICITST, London (December 2012).

Muhammad Qasim Saeed, Zeeshan Bilal and Colin D. Walter, “An NFC based Consumer-Level Counterfeit Detection Framework”, The International Conference on Privacy, Security & Trust (PST), Spain. (July 2013).

Muhammad Qasim Saeed, Colin D. Walter, Pardis Pourghomi and Gheorghita Ghinea, "Mobile Transactions over NFC and GSM", Eight International Conference on Mobile Ubiquitous Computing, Systems, Services and Technologies (UBICOMM), Rome, Italy (24-28 Aug 2014).

Pardis Pourghomi, Muhammad Qasim Saeed and Gheorghita Ghinea, "Trusted Integration of Cloudbased NFC Transaction Players", 9th International Conference on Information Assurance and Security (IAS), Tunisia,4-6 Dec 2013.

Mansoor Ahmed Khan, Aamir Hasan, “Pseudo Random Number Based Authentication To Counter Denial of Service Attacks on 802.11” in Proc. Fifth IEEE and IFIP International Conference on Wireless and Optical Communication Networks (WOCN2008), Indonesia, May 2008.

Mansoor Ahmed Khan, Ahmad Raza Cheema and Aamir Hasan, “Improved Nonce Construction Scheme for AES CCMP To Evade Initial Counter Prediction”, in Proc. Ninth ACIS International Conference on Software Engineering, Artificial Intelligence, Networking, and Parallel/Distributed Computing (SNPD2008), Thailand, August 2008.

Mansoor Ahmed Khan, Ferruh Özbudak, “Improvement in Non-Linearity of Carlet-Feng Infinite Class of Boolean Functions”, in Proc. 11th International Conference on Cryptology and Network Security, CANS 2012, Darmstadt, Germany, December 12-14, 2012, Lecture Notes in Computer Science (LNCS), Vol 7712, 2012, pp 280-295, © Springer- Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.